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Treatments for High Cholesterol

Overview

A lipid disorder describes a condition in which you have high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and fats called triglycerides. People with high LDL cholesterol and high triglycerides are at an increased risk of developing heart disease. ChMore »

Tests

1.
Lipid Panel
2.
A complete cholesterol test (also called a lipid panel or lipid profile) measures the amount of good and bad cholesterol and the level of triglycerides in your bloo...  More »
3.
A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More »
4.
An HDL test measures the level of good cholesterol in your blood.HDL is high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipoproteins are composed of protein and fat. HDL is k...  More »
5.
LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein, a type of cholesterol found in your body. LDL is often referred to as bad cholesterol. This is because too much LDL causes a...  More »
6.
The triglyceride level test helps to determine the amount of triglycerides in your blood. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. The test helps determi...  More »
Toptop

Self Care

1.
Maintain Healthy Weight
2.
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), more than 70 percent of individuals who smoke cigarettes would like to quit.  More »
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Prescribed Medications

1.
ATORVASTATIN (a TORE va sta tin) is known as a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or 'statin'. It lowers the level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood....  More »
2.
NIACIN (NYE a sin) is used in combination with a healthy diet to lower 'bad' cholesterol and increase 'good' cholesterol. This medicine is also ...  More »
3.
SIMVASTATIN (SIM va stat in) is known as a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or 'statin'. It lowers the level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Thi...  More »
4.
ROSUVASTATIN (roe SOO va sta tin) is known as a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or 'statin'. It lowers cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. This drug m...  More »
5.
EZETIMIBE (ez ET i mibe) blocks the absorption of cholesterol from the stomach. It can help lower blood cholesterol for patients who are at risk of getting heart di...  More »
6.
CHOLESTYRAMINE (koe LESS tir a meen) is used to lower cholesterol in patients who are at risk of heart disease or stroke. This medicine is only for patients whose c...  More »
7.
GEMFIBROZIL (jem FI broe zil) can help lower blood fats and cholesterol for people who are at risk of getting inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) from havin...  More »
8.
LOVASTATIN (LOE va sta tin) is known as a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or 'statin'. It lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood. This drug may also red...  More »
9.
PRAVASTATIN (PRA va stat in) is known as a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or 'statin'. It lowers the level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Thi...  More »
10.
FENOFIBRATE (fen oh FYE brate) can help lower blood fats and cholesterol for people who are at risk of getting inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) from havi...  More »
11.
FLUVASTATIN (FLOO va sta tin) is known as an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or 'statin'. It lowers the level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. T...  More »
12.
COLESTIPOL (koe LES ti pole) is used to lower cholesterol in patients who are at risk of heart disease or stroke. This medicine is only for patients whose cholester...  More »
13.
COLESEVELAM (koh le SEV e lam) is used to lower cholesterol in patients who are at risk of heart disease or stroke. This medicine is only for patients whose cholest...  More »
14.
EZETIMIBE; SIMVASTATIN (ez ET i mibe; SIM va stat in) blocks the body's ability to absorb and make cholesterol. It is used to lower cholesterol. It is only for...  More »
Toptop

Over the Counter Medications

1.
NIACIN (NYE a sin) is used in combination with a healthy diet to lower 'bad' cholesterol and increase 'good' cholesterol. This medicine is also ...  More »
Toptop

Herbs and Supplements

1.
Vitamin B3 is made up of niacin (nicotinic acid) and its amide, niacinamide, and can be found in many foods, including yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetabl...  More »
Efficacy Grade A
2.
Red yeast rice is the product of yeast ( Monascus purpureus ) grown on rice, and is served as a dietary staple in some Asian countries. It contains several compound...  More »
Efficacy Grade A
3.
Psyllium, also referred to as ispaghula (or isphagula), is derived from the husks of the seeds of Plantago ovata . Psyllium contains a high level of soluble dietary...  More »
Efficacy Grade A
4.
Soy is a subtropical plant native to southeastern Asia. This member of the pea family (Fabaceae) grows from 1-5 feet tall and forms clusters of 3-5 pods that each c...  More »
Efficacy Grade A
5.
Policosanol is a cholesterol-lowering natural mixture of primary alcohols, isolated and purified from sugar cane wax. Policosanol is safe and well tolerated, even i...  More »
Efficacy Grade A
6.
Numerous controlled trials have examined the effects of oral garlic on serum lipids. Long-term effects on lipids or cardiovascular morbidity and mortality remain un...  More »
Efficacy Grade A
7.
Zinc has been used since ancient Egyptian times to enhance wound healing, although the usefulness of this approach is only partially confirmed by the clinical data ...  More »
Efficacy Grade B
8.
Avocados are fruits that contain 60% more potassium than bananas; they are also sodium and cholesterol-free. An avocado has a higher fat content (5 grams per servin...  More »
Efficacy Grade B
9.
The almond is closely related to the peach, apricot, and cherry (all classified as drupes). Unlike the others, however, the outer layer of the almond is not edible....  More »
Efficacy Grade B
10.
Carob ( Ceratonia siliqua ) is a leguminous evergreen tree of the family Leguminosae (pulse family). Although it was originally native to Mediterranean regions, it ...  More »
Efficacy Grade B
11.
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties. Vitamin E exists in eight different forms (isomers): alpha, beta, gamma, and delta tocopherol; ...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
12.
Honey is a sweet, viscid fluid produced by honeybees ( Apis melliflera ) from the nectar of flowers. It is generally recognized as safe (GRAS), but there have been ...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
13.
The term spirulina refers to a large number of cyanobacteria or blue-green algae. Both Spirulina spp . and non- Spirulina spp. fall into the classification of cyano...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
14.
Creatine is naturally synthesized in the human body from amino acids primarily in the kidney and liver and transported in the blood for use by muscles. Approximatel...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
15.
Lycopene is a carotenoid present in human serum and skin as well as the liver, adrenal glands, lungs, prostate and colon. Lycopene has been found to possess antioxi...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
16.
The rhizome (root) of turmeric ( Curcuma longa Linn.) has long been used in traditional Asian medicine to treat gastrointestinal upset, arthritic pain, and low ener...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
17.
Two parts of the safflower are primarily used: the flower itself and safflower seeds. There are two types of safflower oil with corresponding types of safflowe...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
18.
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) is essential to all life and is a component of coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is necessary for numerous vital chemical reactions to...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
19.
Guggul (gum guggul) is a resin produced by the mukul mirth tree. Guggulipid is extracted from guggul, and contains plant sterols (guggulsterones E and Z), which are...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
20.
Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, was originally discovered in ox ( Bos taurus ) bile and was named after taurus, or bull. A nonessential amino acid-like comp...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
21.
Red clover is a legume, which like soy contains phytoestrogens (plant-based chemicals that are similar to estrogen and may act in the body like estrogen or may actu...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
22.
Alfalfa is a legume that has a long history of dietary and medicinal uses. A small number of animal and preliminary human studies report that alfalfa supplements ma...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
23.
Pycnogenol® is the patented trade name for a water extract of the bark of the French maritime pine ( Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica ), which is grown in coastal...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
24.
Preliminary human evidence suggests that gymnema may be effective in the management of blood sugar levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as an adjunct to convention...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
25.
It has been hypothesized that wild yam ( Dioscorea villosa and other Dioscorea species) possesses dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-like properties and acts as a precur...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
26.
Yucca is the common name for the more than 40 species of perennials in the Yucca genus. The plants are well known for their tough, sword-like leaves and a large spi...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
27.
Vitamin B12 is an essential water-soluble vitamin that is commonly found in a variety of foods such as fish, shellfish, meat, and dairy products. Vitamin B12 is fre...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
28.
Lactobacilli are bacteria that normally live in the human small intestine and vagina. Lactobacillus acidophilus is generally considered to be beneficial because it ...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
29.
Berberine is a bitter-tasting, yellow, plant alkaloid with a long history of medicinal use in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Berberine is present in the roots, rhi...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
30.
Lemongrass ( Cymbopogon citrates ) is used in Cuban folk medicine to lower high blood pressure and as an anti-inflammatory. In India, lemongrass is used as a medici...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
31.
Efficacy Grade C
32.
Since ancient Egypt, white horehound ( Marrubium vulgare L.) has been used as an expectorant (to facilitate removal of mucus from the lungs or throat). Ayurvedic, N...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
33.
Vitamin B12 is an essential water-soluble vitamin that is commonly found in a variety of foods such as fish, shellfish, meat, and dairy products. Vitamin B12 is fre...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
34.
Chinese herbalists have relied on rhubarb rhizomes and roots for thousands of years. The rhizomes and roots contain powerful anthraquinones and tannins that act as ...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
35.
Astaxanthin is classified as a xanthophyll, which is a carotenoid pigment, and can be found in microalgae, yeast, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp, crayfish, crustacean...  More »
Efficacy Grade C
36.
Dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fish oil and certain plant/nut oils. Fish oil contains both docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA...  More »
37.
The name acacia is derived from the Greek word akis meaning sharp point, and relates to the sharp thorny shrubs and trees of tropical Africa and Western Asia that w...  More »
38.
Green tea is made from the dried leaves of Camellia sinensis , a perennial evergreen shrub. Green tea has a long history of use, dating back to China approximately ...  More »
39.
Milk thistle has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years, most commonly for the treatment of liver and gallbladder disorders. A flavonoid complex called silymari...  More »
40.
Fenugreek has a long history of medical uses in Indian and Chinese medicine, and has been used for numerous indications, including labor induction, aiding digestion...  More »
41.
The term ginseng refers to several species of the genus Panax . For more than 2,000 years, the roots of this slow-growing plant have been valued in Chinese medicine...  More »
42.
Glucosamine is a natural compound that is found in healthy cartilage. Glucosamine sulfate is a normal constituent of glycoaminoglycans in cartilage matrix and synov...  More »
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