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ginseng (generic name)

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Ginseng (American ginseng, Asian ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Korean red ginseng, Panax ginseng: Panax spp. including P. ginseng C.C. Meyer and P. quinquefolius L., excluding Eleutherococcus senticosus)

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Alternate Title

Ginseng, Asian ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Korean red ginseng, Panax ginseng

Synonyms

General: Acetylenic alcohol, acidid polysaccharides, acupuncture-moxibustion, aglycones, Allheilkraut, American ginseng (AG), American wild ginseng, Araliaceae (family), Asian ginseng, Asiatic ginseng, chikusetsaponin-L8, chikusetsu ginseng, chosen ninjin, CPPQ (coarse polysaccharide from Panax quinquefolium), CVT-E002, dae-jo-hwan (DJW), dwarf ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus, five-fingers, five-leaf ginseng, G115®, ginsan, ginsenan PA (phagocytosis-activating polysaccharide), ginseng acidic polysaccharide, ginseng radix, ginseng saponins, ginseng tetrapeptide, Ginsengwurzel (German), ginsenoside, ginsenosides (Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf and Rg1), ginsenosides compound (shen-fu), GTTC (Ginseng and Tang-kuei Ten Combination), hakusan, hakushan, higeninjin, hongshen, hua qi shen, hungseng, hungsheng, hunseng, insam, jenseng, jenshen, jinpi, kao-li-seng, Korean ginseng, Korea red ginseng (KRG), Kraftwurzel (German), man root, memory enhancer, minjin, nhan sam, ninjin, ninzin, niuhan, North American ginseng, notoginsenoside, oleanolic acid, Oriental ginseng, otane ninjin, panax de chine, Panax ginseng, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, Panax notoginseng, Panax psuedoginseng Wall. var. notoginseng, Panax psuedoginseng var. major, Panax psuedoginseng, Panax quinquefolium, Panax spp., Panax trifolius L., panax vietnamensis (Vietnamese Ginseng), panaxadial, panaxans, panaxatriol, panaxydol, panaxynol, panaxytriol, pannag, polyacetylenic compounds, poly-furanosyl-pyranosyl-sacchariedes, proprietary ginseng root extract (Cold-FX, CV Technologies Inc., Edmonton, AB), protopanaxadiol ginsenosides, quinqueginsin, racine de ginseng, red ginseng, renshen, sam, sanchi ginseng, san-pi, sang, schinsent, sei yang seng, shanshen, shen-fu, shen-sai-seng, shenghaishen, shenlu, shenshaishanshen, siyojin, stress-buster, sun ginseng, t'ang-sne, tartar root, tienchi ginseng, to-kai-san, triterpenoids, true ginseng, tyosenninzin, vanillic acid, Vietnamese ginseng, Western ginseng, Western sea ginseng, white ginseng, wild ginseng, woodsgrown (wild-stimulated) ginseng root, xi shen, xi yang shen, yakuyo ninjin, yakuyo ninzin, yang shen, yeh-shan-seng, yuan-seng, yuansheng, zhuzishen.

Panax ginseng synonyms: Aralia (botanical synonym), Aralia ginseng Mey, Araliaceae (family), Asian ginseng, Asiatic ginseng, Chinese ginseng, G115®, Gincosan (a combination of 120mg Ginkgo biloba and 200mg Panax ginseng), Ginsai®, ginseng asiatique, ginsengjuuri, ginseng radix, ginseng root, Japanese ginseng, jintsam, Korean ginseng, Korean Panax ginseng, Korean red, Korean red ginseng, kuhuang shenmai injection (KHSM), ninjin, Oriental ginseng, Panax, Panax ginseng, Panax ginseng C. Meyer, Panax schinseng, Panax schinseng Nees, Panax spp., radix ginseng rubra, red ginseng, ren shen (TCM), renshen (TCM), Renxian, sang, schinsent, seng, shen, shenmai, shenmai huoxue decoction (SMHXD), shenmai injection (SMI), shengmai, shengmai chenggu capsule, shengmai injection (SI), shengmai san (SMS), shengmai-san, shengmaisan, shengmaiyin, white ginseng.

American ginseng synonyms: American ginseng, amerikan ginseng, amerikanischer Ginseng, amerikkalainen ginseng, Anchi ginseng, Aralia quinquefolia Decne. & Planch (botanical synonym), Araliaceae (family), Canadian ginseng, CVT - E 002, five fingers, five leafed ginseng, garantoquen, ginseng, ginseng d'Amerique, ginsenosides poly-furanosyl-pyranosyl-saccharides, man-root, man's health, North American ginseng, Occidental ginseng, Ontario ginseng, Panax quincefolium, Panax quinquefolium, Panax quinquefolius, redberry, red berry, ren shen, sang, shang (TCM), tartar root, TCM, tienchi ginseng, western ginseng, wild American ginseng, Wisconsin ginseng, xi yang shen.

Siberian ginseng synonyms: Acanthopanax senticosus, ci wu jia, ciwujia, devil's bush, devil's shrub, eleuthera, eleuthero, eleuthero ginseng, eleutherococ, eleutherococci radix, Eleutherococcus, Eleutherococcus senticosus, phytoestrogen, shigoka, touch-me-not, wild pepper, wu-jia, wu-jia-pi, ussuri, ussurian thorny pepperbrush.

Note: Siberian ginseng is not covered in this review. Avoid confusing Panax ginseng species with Eleutherococcus senticosus, which is also known as Siberian ginseng. Other species may be referred to as ginseng as well, but they are either from a different family or genus. Examples include Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian ginseng), Pseudostellaria heterophylla (prince ginseng), Angelica sinensis (female ginseng, or dong quai), Withania somnifera (Indian ginseng or ashwagandha), Pfaffia paniculata (Brazilian ginseng), Lepidium meyenii (Peruvian ginseng or maca), Gynostemma pentaphyllum (southern ginseng or jiaogulan).

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