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garlic (generic name)

an herbal product - treats Atherosclerosis, Heart attack prevention in patients with known heart disease, Anti-fungal, Familial hypercholesterolemia, Stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria, High blood pressure, Systemic sclerosis, Peripheral vascular disease, Sickle cell anemia, Cancer, Oral candidiasis, Diabetes, Anti-platelet effects, Alopecia areata, Mosquito repellant, Upper respiratory tract infection, High cholesterol, Pre-eclampsia, Tick repellant, Cryptococcal meningitis, Infections, and Benign breast diseases
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Garlic (Allium sativum L.)

Attribution

This information is based on a professional level monograph edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Ethan Basch, MD (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Samuel Basch, MD (Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, NY); Paul Hammerness, MD (Harvard Medical School); Sadaf Hashmi, MD, MPH (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health); Jens Hasskarl, MD (Harvard Medical School); Jenna Hollenstein, MS, RD (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Michael Smith, M.R.PharmS, ND (Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine); Anne P. Spencer, PharmD (Medical University of South Carolina); Shaina Tanguay-Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Mamta Vora, PharmD (Northeastern University); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).

Bibliography

DISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

Ashraf R, Aamir K, Shaikh AR, et al. Effects of garlic on dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2005 Jul-Sep;17(3):60-4.

Fleischauer AT, Arab L. Garlic and cancer: a critical review of the epidemiologic literature. J Nutr 2001;131(3s):1032S-1040S.

Gail MH, You WC. A factorial trial including garlic supplements assesses effect in reducing precancerous gastric lesions. J Nutr 2006 Mar;136(3 Suppl):813S-815S.

Gardner CD, Lawson LD, Block E, et al. Effect of raw garlic vs commercial garlic supplements on plasma lipid concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia: a randomized clinical trial. Arch Intern Med 2007 Feb 26;167(4):325-6.

Hassan HT. Ajoene (natural garlic compound): a new anti-leukaemia agent for AML therapy. Leuk Res 2004;28(7):667-671.

Hajheydari Z, Jamshidi M, Akbari J, et al. Combination of topical garlic gel and betamethasone valerate cream in the treatment of localized alopecia areata: a double-blind randomized controlled study. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2007 Jan-Feb;73(1):29-32.

Josling P. Preventing the common cold with a garlic supplement: a double-blind, placebo-controlled survey. Adv Ther 2001;18(4):189-193.

McNulty CA, Wilson MP, Havinga W, et al. A pilot study to determine the effectiveness of garlic oil capsules in the treatment of dyspeptic patients with Helicobacter pylori. Helicobacter 2001;6(3):249-253.

Meher S, Duley L. Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006 Jul 19;3:CD006065.

Sabitha P, Adhikari PM, Shenoy SM, et al. Efficacy of garlic paste in oral candidiasis. Trop Doct 2005;35(2):99-100.

Siegel G. Long-term effect of garlic in preventing arteriosclerosis - results of two controlled clinical trials. Eur Phytojournal 2001;Symposium posters(1):1.

Takasu J, Uykimpang R, Sunga MA, et al. Aged garlic extract is a potential therapy for sickle-cell anemia. J Nutr 2006 Mar;136(3 Suppl):803S-805S.

Tanaka S, Haruma K, Yoshihara M, et al. Aged garlic extract has potential suppressive effect on colorectal adenomas in humans. J Nutr 2006 Mar;136(3 Suppl):821S-826S.

You WC, Brown LM, Zhang L, et al. Randomized double-blind factorial trial of three treatments to reduce the prevalence of precancerous gastric lesions. J Natl Cancer Inst 2006 Jul 19;98(14):974-83.

Wojcikowski K, Myers S, Brooks L. Effects of garlic oil on platelet aggregation: a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study. Platelets 2007 Feb;18(1):29-34.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

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