What Is Melanoma?

Because it often goes undetected, and can metastasize to other organs and areas of the body, melanoma is the most dangerous of skin cancers. Though not the most common skin cancer (it accounts for only about five percent of skin cancer cases), melanoma does cause the most deaths. The John Wayne Cancer Institute (JWCI) reports the alarming statistics: "While most cases [of melanoma] are discovered early when cure is likely, about 30 percent of patients will die of the disease." Cases in the United States have been growing in recent decades, with an estimated 68, 130 new cases reported in 2010, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).