Oxazepam is a member of a family of tranquilizers known as benzodiazepines. It is sold in the United States under the brand name Serax and in Canada under the brand name Ox-Pam. Generic forms of oxazepam are also available.
Oxazepam is prescribed to treat feelings of tension and anxiety. It is also used to calm patients who are suffering from the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal.
Oxazepam is one of several drugs in the class called benzodiazepines. Oxazepam slows down certain brain functions by blocking specific chemicals that transmit messages among the nerve cells in the brain.
The typical starting dose for adults ranges from 5–15 mg per day. The dosage is sometimes increased by the doctor, but 80 mg is usually the maximum amount prescribed per day. The amount used each day is typically divided into at least two doses. Oxazepam is taken by mouth, and is available in tablets and capsules. It can be taken with food if the patient is having side effects in the digestive tract.
Oxazepam is not FDA-approved for use in children under six years. However, often in clinical practice, the medication is used with close physician supervision. The typical starting dose for children aged two to 16 years is 5 mg. The doctor may increase this dose if necessary. Typically, the dose does not exceed 40 mg per day, and is given in divided doses. Children under two years of age may receive a dose based on body weight. The doctor must determine whether the child needs the drug as well as the dosage.
Mark Mitchell M.D., The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit,