Most individuals with mild dry macular degeneration will never develop disabling central vision loss. However, there is no current method of predicting which individuals will progress to an advanced stage of AMD. AMD can cause the loss of central vision only and cannot cause peripheral vision loss. However, loss of central vision may interfere with many activities of daily life and significantly impact its quality. An individual with advanced AMD may become functionally blind, so that reading, driving, recognizing faces, and many other common activities become impossible. The prognosis depends on the stage of the disease and type. Mild forms of dry AMD have a better prognosis than advanced dry or wet AMD. As symptoms progress, individuals with AMD become at higher risk for psychological distress due to decreasing quality of life and independence. The prognosis improves if low-vision devices and support groups are utilized to improve the quality of life.
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