Carbohydrates—Compounds, such as cellulose, sugar, and starch, that contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and are a major part of the diets of people and other animals.
Cathartic colon—A poorly functioning colon, resulting from the chronic abuse of stimulant cathartics.
Colon—The large intestine.
Diverticulitis—Inflammation of the part of the intestine known as the diverticulum.
Fiber—Carbohydrate material in food that cannot be digested.
Hyperosmetic—Hypertonic, containing a higher concentration of salts or other dissolved materials than normal tissues.
Osteomalacia—A disease of adults, characterized by softening of the bone. Similar to Rickets which is seen in children.
Pregnancy category—A system of classifying drugs according to their established risks for use during pregnancy. Category A: Controlled human studies have demonstrated no fetal risk. Category B: Animal studies indicate no fetal risk, but no human studies, or adverse effects in animals, but not in well-controlled human studies. Category C: No adequate human or animal studies, or adverse fetal effects in animal studies, but no available human data. Category D: Evidence of fetal risk, but benefits outweigh risks. Category X: Evidence of fetal risk. Risks out-weigh any benefits.
Steatorrhea—An excess of fat in the stool.
Stool—The solid waste that is left after food is digested. Stool forms in the intestines and passes out of the body through the anus.
Samuel D. Uretsky PharmD, The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit,