Boachie-Adjei, O., and B. Lonner. "Spinal Deformity." Pediatric Clinics of North America 43 (Aug. 1996): 883-897.
Boachie-Adjei, O., and R. G. Squillante. "Tuberculosis of the Spine." Orthopedic Clinics of North America 27 (Jan.1996): 95-103.
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Arthritis Foundation.1300 W. Peachtree St., Atlanta, GA 30309. (800) 283-7800. <http://www.arthritis.org>.
National Osteoporosis Foundation. 1150 17th St., Suite 500 NW, Washington, DC 20036-4603. (800) 223-9994. <http://www.nof.org>.
Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases-National Resource Center. 1150 17th S. NW, Ste. 500, Washington, DC20036. (800) 624-2663.
J. Ricker Polsdorfer, MD
Congenital—Present at birth.
Dwarfism—A congenital disease of bone growth that results in short stature and weak bones.
Orthopedic—Refers to surgery on the supporting structures of the body—bones, joints, ligaments, muscles.
Osteoporosis—A weakening of bones due to calcium loss that affects post-menopausal women.
Scheuermann's disease—Juvenile kyphosis due to damaged bone in the spinal vertebrae.
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