Endoscopy may be contraindicated by a history of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, recent GI surgery, and diverticula in the esophagus. Breath testing using a radioisotopic preparation is contraindicated in pregnancy. The breath test may be negative if the patient is receiving antibiotic therapy and certain medications.
Endoscopy is an invasive procedure, and is performed in a hospital or clinic usually on an outpatient basis. Overnight fasting is required. To reduce the discomfort
Endoscope—A thin, lighted tube with a tiny camera attached to the end. It allows the doctor to see the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.
Endoscopy—A procedure that uses an endoscope.
Gastroenterology—The study of the digestive system and diseases and disorders affecting it.
Invasive procedure—A medical procedure that requires entrance of a foreign object into the human body.
Non-invasive procedure—A medical procedure that does not require entrance of a foreign object into the human body.
Urea—A waste product of the breakdown of proteins.
associated with the procedure, the patient is mildly sedated and a topical anesthetic is sprayed in the throat. Vital signs and history are important to insure that the patient does not have a condition that contraindicates the procedure. An intravenous line is used to instill fluids and the sedative.
Following endoscopy, patients should be observed while recovering from sedating medications for any signs of GI bleeding or pain and treated accordingly. The patient should remain under medical supervision until fully alert. After venipuncture, hemostasis should be accomplished by applying direct pressure to the puncture site.
Peggy Elaine Browning, The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit,