ASSESSMENT. When there have been muscle or bone injuries, the person initiating first aid should assume that the arm or the leg is broken.
INTERVENTION. If the arm or leg appears misshapen, the rescuer should not try to align it. The rescuer wants to stabilize the injured body part in order to protect it from further injury. Ice application can reduce swelling and pain. Heat should not be used, because it increases circulation to the injured site.
sterile gauze pads and wraps in a variety of sizes
sealed alcohol packets
The care needed after first aid varies widely, depending on the type of injury or illness sustained. Health care professionals are excellent resources to consult about appropriate individualized aftercare.
Many unexpected complications can happen while providing first aid. The most severe complication is if the patient stops breathing or the heart stops beating. In such a situation, the rescuer should immediately start CPR.
The results of first aid vary with the case. Successful first aid results in the improved health and recovery of the patient.
Health care team roles
All health care professionals have a professional obligation to know the basics of first aid. Accidental injuries account for 2.6 million hospital admissions annually. Unplanned injury is the fifth-leading cause of fatalities in the United States.
Lori Ann Beck R.N., M.S.N., F.N.P.-C., The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit,