A physical examination by a physician is important to determine if strenuous exercise is appropriate or detrimental for the individual. Prior to the exercise program, proper stretching is important to prevent the possibility of soft tissue injury resulting from tight muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other joint-related structures.
Proper cool-down after exercise is important in reducing the occurrence of painful muscle spasms. It has been documented that proper cool-down may also decrease frequency and intensity of muscle stiffness the day following any exercise program.
Improper warm-up can lead to muscle strains. Furthermore, overexertion with insufficient rest time between exercise sessions may lead to musculoskeletal injury. Stress fractures are also a possibility if activities are strenuous over long periods of time. Although exercise is safe for the majority of children and adults, there is still a need for further research to evaluate potential risks of strength training in children. There is a possibility of exercise "burnout," or over-training, if the exercise program is not varied and adequate rest periods are not taken between exercise sessions.
Health care team roles
Significant health benefits are obtained by including a moderate amount of physical exercise in the form of an exercise prescription. Physical activity plays a positive role in preventing disease and improving overall health status. People of all ages, both male and female, benefit from regular physical activity. Regular exercise also provides significant psychological benefits and improves quality of life.
Nurses and other allied health professionals can educate their patients by using videotapes, manuals, and Web-based literature. However, it would be recommended that instructional workshops or classes be set up in an
Mark Damian Rossi Ph.D, P.T., C.S.C.S., The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit,