Consult specific references for information on drug interactions.
Use particular caution in HIV-positive patients, since these patients are commonly on multi-drug regimens with a high frequency of interactions. Ganciclovir should not be used with other drugs which cause hemato-logic toxicity, and cidofovir should not be used with other drugs that may cause kidney damage.
Gray, Mary Ann. "Antiviral Medications." Orthopaedic Nursing 15 (November-December 1996): 82.
Samuel D. Uretsky, PharmD
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)—A type of virus that attacks and enlarges certain cells in the body. The virus also causes a disease in infants.
Parkinsonism—A group of conditions that all have these typical symptoms in common: tremor, rigidity, slow movement, and poor balance and coordination.
Pregnancy category—A system of classifying drugs according to their established risks for use during pregnancy. Category A: Controlled human studies have demonstrated no fetal risk. Category B: Animal studies indicate no fetal risk, but no human studies, or adverse effects in animals, but not in well-controlled human studies. Category C: No adequate human or animal studies, or adverse fetal effects in animal studies, but no available human data. Category D: Evidence of fetal risk, but benefits outweigh risks. Category X: Evidence of fetal risk. Risks outweigh any benefits.
Prophylactic—Guarding from or preventing the spread or occurrence of disease or infection.
Retrovirus—A group of viruses that contain RNA and the enzyme reverse transcriptase. Many viruses in this family cause tumors. The virus that causes AIDS is a retrovirus.
Shingles—An disease caused by an infection with the Herpes zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. Symptoms of shingles include pain and blisters along one nerve, usually on the face, chest, stomach, or back.
Virus—A tiny, disease-causing structure that can reproduce only in living cells and causes a variety of infectious diseases.
Samuel D. Uretsky PharmD, The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit,