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Temporal Arteritis

Basics

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Definition

Temporal arteritis is inflammation and damage to blood vessels that supply the head area, particularly the large or medium arteries that branch from the neck.

If the inflammation affects the arteries in your neck, upper body and arms, it is called giant cell arteritis.

Symptoms

  • Excessive sweating
  • Fever
  • General ill feeling
  • Jaw pain, intermittent or when chewing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches
  • Throbbing headache on one side of the head or the back of the head
  • Scalp sensitivity, tenderness when touching the scalp
  • Vision difficulties
  • Weakness, excessive tiredness
  • Weight loss (more than 5% of total body weight)

Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:

About 40% of people will have other nonspecific symptoms such as respiratory complaints (most frequently dry cough) or weakness or pain along many nerve areas. Rarely, paralysis of eye muscles may occur. A persistent fever may be the only symptom.

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